“It’s our hope that when students complete this basic education, which is compulsory up to Form 4, they will be at an age ready to contribute to the country’s development,” Sifuni Mchome, the permanent secretary of the Ministry of Education and Vocational Training, said.
He added during a televised national ceremony that the new system would abolish national examinations for primary school leavers.
Mchome noted that students would have their final exams after 11 years in primary and secondary schools.
He said the new system would make primary and secondary education free of charge at state-run schools.
Most important in the new system is that it will ditch English as a language of instruction at Tanzania’s schools, making Kiswahili – the mother tongue of the people of Tanzania – the instruction language in these schools.
English dominated teaching in Tanzania’s schools from secondary to tertiary levels for a long time.
“Language studies will then be available to enable students to communicate in English,” Atetaulwa Ngatara, the assistant director for policy at the Ministry of Education and Vocational Training, said.
“Communicating in English is something to do with language studies,” he added.
Mchome, meanwhile, noted that the new system would also incorporate vocational education in basic education syllabus to allow students who do not make it to Form 5 to have skills to contribute to the development of their country.
“We need a critical mass of skilled labor for the country’s development,” Mchome said.
“This cannot be achieved within the current policy, which focuses on filtering and rejecting students without skills through final exams,” he added.
Nevertheless, the new system might take decades to take root, some of the officials speaking on Saturday said, because extensive preparations would need to be made for English to be ditched.
Tanzanian President Jakaya Kikwete said the new system was part of his country’s Vision 2025.
He said the system took the global economy, and social and technological changes into account.
“In the next seven years, we will have built the capacity whereby every child who starts Standard I will reach Form 4,” the President said.
He added that the system would take Tanzania to the next level, where the nation would have skilled people with both practical and theoretical knowledge.