Ghana, like many other African countries, faces enormous social, economic and environmental challenges that are likely to be exacerbated by the impacts of climate change.
At both the individual and the national levels, climate change is of serious concern because of the nation’s over-dependence on climate-sensitive sectors, such as hydro-power generation, agriculture, fisheries and wildlife resources.
Speaking on the floor of parliament last Wednesday, Hon. Patricia Appiagyei, Member of Parliament for Asokwa Constituency said Ghana’s life support systems are being destroyed.
She lamented that water resources in the country were fast dwindling and land decreasing in fertility.
“Water sources are dwindling and in many cases drying up; water shed areas including mountains, which are considered as water towers, are denuded of vegetation; wetlands are drained and turned into other land-uses; Mining is taking place at otherwise unauthorized places; harvesting of natural resources from water and land done at unsustainable levels; pollution of land, water and air by various substances; uncontrolled urbanization is taking place at alarming proportions, in some places particularly on slopes and near water courses, exposing soil surfaces to erosion leading to sedimentation in river beds and in dams; and landslides to mention just a few potential disasters”
Hon. Appiagyei further warned that if parliamentarians do not act swiftly, there will be prevailing disasters such as drought, flooding and insufficient food supply.
She however made six recommendations to the house on how to tackle the issue. Among them was for parliament to introduce special sessions on the Ghanaian Environment in every Parliamentary term and also Ministries, Departments and Agencies (MDAs) with focus on the environment to periodically brief Parliament on the their actions towards climate change effects.