The International Lesbian and Gay Association (ILGA) has identified a total of 82 countries in the world where homosexuality is illegal. The list excludes Indonesia, where two large provinces outlaw homosexual acts, as well as political entities that aren’t fully accepted by the international community, such as Gaza/Palestine and the Turkish-controlled northern portion of Cyprus.
On Dec. 11, that total increased by one — to 83 countries with anti-homosexuality laws — when the Supreme Court of India reversed a lower court ruling that had suspended enforcement of the law.
Here’s the list of 83 countries and independent political entities with anti-homosexuality laws:
18 Malawi (enforcement of law suspended)
25 Sao Tome
28 Sierra Leone
30 South Sudan
Asia, including the Middle East
52 Palestine/Gaza Strip
54 Saudi Arabia
56 Sri Lanka
59 United Arab Emirates
Two Asian/Middle Eastern countries were listed separately by ILGA under the heading “Legal status of homosexual acts unclear or uncertain”:
- In Iraq, there is no law against homosexual acts, but homophobic violence is unchecked and self-appointed sharia judges reportedly have imposed sentences for homosexual behavior.
- In India, enforcement of the law against homosexual activity had been suspended by court action, but the Supreme Court overturned that ruling on Dec. 11, 2013, so India is back on the main list of countries with anti-homosexuality laws.
62 Antigua & Barbuda
69 St Kitts & Nevis
70 St Lucia
71 St Vincent & the Grenadines
72 Trinidad & Tobago
In the United States, anti-sodomy laws were ruled unconstitutional by the U.S. Supreme Court in 2003, but they are still on the books in 13 states: Alabama, Florida, Idaho, Kansas, Louisiana, Michigan, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Texas, Utah and Virginia. Conservative state legislators refuse to repeal the laws and, in some cases, police still enforce them. Reportedly, in the past few years more than a dozen LGBT people were arrested for violating those laws, but the arrestees were freed because prosecutors won’t seek convictions based on defunct laws.
73 Cook Islands
74 Indonesia (Aceh Province and South Sumatra)
78 Papua New Guinea
80 Solomon Islands
83 Northern Cyprus
Also in Europe and worth mentioning but not on that list of countries with laws against homosexuality are:
- Russia, which enacted a law in 2013 prohibiting any positive mention of homosexuality in the presence of minors, including online;
- Ukraine, which has considered, but so far has not adopted a similar law against “gay propaganda.”
- Moldova, which adopted and then repealed such a law in 2013.
This is was curled from the ILGA’s 2012 report. More details can be found in the ILGA world map and 2012 report “State-Sponsored Homophobia” Also, ILGA’s updated and reformatted 2013 report.